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Burglary, Robbery, and Theft StatisticsPDF icon


While robbery, burglary, and theft all involve the loss of items of value, these crimes also differ. Robbery is both a violent crime and one that involves property. Robbery victims are immediately aware of the crime because they are present when it takes place. Burglary, however, is a theft from a dwelling or structure that may or may not be inhabited at the time of the crime (the crime escalates to robbery if someone is present in the structure when it is entered). A disproportionate number of burglaries, robberies, and thefts occur in metropolitan areas. Since 2006, the overall occurrence of these crimes has decreased by more than 9 percent. While the dollar value of these crimes is difficult to pinpoint, especially accounting for the intangible effects of victimization, total losses to victims from property crimes (which include burglary and larceny theft) amount to billions of dollars every year.[1]

  • In 2010, 2,159,878 burglaries occurred in the United States,[2] at a rate of 699.6 per 100,000 inhabitants.[3]
  • In 2010, both the volume and rates of burglary per 100,000 people in the United States decreased by 2 percent from 2009.[4]
  • Between 2001 and 2010, the rate of robberies in the United States decreased by 19.7 per 100,000 inhabitants.[5] Larceny-theft crimes, the unlawful taking of property, decreased 19.4 percent.[6] The rate of overall property victimization declined by 28 percent during this time.[7]
  • Between 2009 and 2010, the rate of robberies decreased by 10.5 percent.[8] The estimated number of motor vehicle thefts decreased 7.4 percent; larceny-theft and burglary decreased 2.4 percent and 2 percent, respectively.[9]
  • As reported by victims, in 2010, 72 percent of robberies of male victims were committed by a stranger, and 53 percent of robberies of female victims were committed by a stranger.[10]
  • As reported by victims in 2010, 41 percent of robberies involved no weapons. Firearms were used in 29 percent of robberies, and a knife was used in 10 percent of robberies.[11]
  • Chart: Burglary rates by county typeIn 2010, burglaries occurred at a rate of 636.3 per 100,000 inhabitants in metropolitan counties of more than 100,000. The number of burglaries known was 249,534.[12] Metropolitan counties with populations between 25,000 and 99,999 recorded 116,578 known burglaries, or a rate of 530.2 per 100,000 inhabitants. In non-metropolitan counties with more than 25,000 inhabitants, burglaries occurred at a rate of 611.6 per 100,000; the number of known burglaries was 67,432.[13]
  • In 2010, the number of known burglaries by forcible entry was 1,157,212.[14] The number of burglaries by unlawful entry known to law enforcement was 634,943.[15]
  • In 2010, 564,161 burglaries were committed at nonresidential (store, office, etc.) locations;[16] 1,595,717 burglaries occurred in residences in the United States.[17] Of the burglaries occurring at residences in 2010, 443,717 of those occurred at night and 821,897 occurred during the day.[18]
  • The rate of robberies per 100,000 inhabitants in the metropolitan counties with over 100,000 inhabitants was 86.7, while the same rate for the most densely populated non-metropolitan counties (with 25,000 or more residents) was 19.7.[19]
  • 127,521 reported robbery cases involved a firearm, while 129,606 cases involved a strong-arm (the use or threatened use of hands, arms, feet, fists, or teeth as weapons to deprive the victim of property).[20]
  • The rate of robbery involving a firearm was the highest (28.3 per 100,000 inhabitants) in metropolitan counties.[21] However, the rate of robberies involving a strong-arm was highest in suburban areas (26.7 per 100,000 inhabitants).
  • Chart: Property crime rates from 2006-2010In 2010, there were an estimated 6,185,867 larceny-thefts nationwide.[22]
  • In metropolitan counties in 2010, there were 616,885 cases of larceny-theft, which is a rate of 1,573 per 100,000 inhabitants.[23]
  • Property crime decreased 2.7 percent from 2009 to 2010. The 5-year trend (see chart below) showed a 9.3 percent decrease between 2006 and 2010.[24]
  • Of all property crimes in 2010, 68 percent were larceny-theft and 24 percent were burglaries.[25]
  • Chart: Types of property crimeIn 2010, victims reported a rate of property crime victimizations of 120.2 per 1,000 households.[26]
  • Motor vehicle theft accounted for 26 percent of all thefts in 2010. Shoplifting accounted for 17 percent.[27]
  • In 2010, victims reported 39 percent of property crimes to police. Law enforcement received reports on 39 percent of burglaries, 83 percent of motor vehicular thefts, and 32 percent of thefts.[28]

References

  1. Bureau of Justice Statistics, “Criminal Victimization in the United States, 2007,” (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, report update 1), Table 82, http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/cvus07.pdf (accessed October 15, 2012). This report on crimes both reported and not reported to police stated the cost of property crime as more than $16 billion.
  2. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Crime in the United States, 2010, (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, 2011), Table 1, accessed September 4, 2012, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/tables/10tbl01.xls.
  3. Ibid., Table 2, accessed September 4, 2012, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/tables/10tbl02.xls.
  4. Ibid., Table 1A, accessed September 4, 2012, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/tables/10tbl01a.xls.
  5. Ibid., Table 1A.
  6. Ibid., “Larceny-theft,” accessed September 4, 2012, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/property-crime/larcenytheftmain.
  7. Jennifer L. Truman, Criminal Victimization, 2010, (Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, 2011), 3, accessed September 2, 2012, http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/cv10.pdf.
  8. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Crime in the United States, 2010, Table 1A.
  9. Ibid.
  10. Truman, Criminal Victimization, 2010, 9.
  11. Ibid., 8.
  12. Ibid., Table 18, accessed September 4, 2012, Ibid.
  13. Ibid., Table 19, accessed September 4, 2012, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/tables/10tbl19.xls.
  14. Ibid., Table 19, Table 19 Data Declaration, accessed September 4, 2012, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/tables/10tbl19.xls, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/tables/10tbl19.xls/@@template-layout-view?override-view=data-declaration.
  15. Ibid., Table 7, accessed September 4, 2012, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/tables/10tbl07.xls.
  16. Ibid.
  17. Ibid.
  18. Ibid., Table 19.
  19. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Crime in the United States, 2010, Table 19.
  20. Ibid.
  21. Ibid., “Larceny-theft.”
  22. Ibid., Table 18.
  23. Ibid., “Property Crime,” accessed September 4, 2012, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/property-crime.
  24. Ibid.
  25. Truman, Criminal Victimization, 2010, 7.
  26. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Crime in the United States, 2010, “Larceny-theft.”
  27. Truman, Criminal Victimization, 2010, 10.