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Intimate Partner ViolencePDF icon


Domestic violence statutes vary from state to state, but the crime is generally understood as abuse within the context of an intimate relationship, regardless of marital status. Intimate partner violence is gendered; these crimes are most often committed by men against women. Victims of intimate partner violence in other contexts, such as male victims and victims in same-sex relationships, may require specialized services. Like many other crimes, domestic violence has decreased over the last few decades. Nevertheless, the seriousness of the crime, the effects on victims and their families, and the difficulties in the criminal justice system response require continued resources.

  • Chart: Female murder victims by offender relationshipIn 2010, violent crimes by intimate partners (both male and female) totaled 509,230 and accounted for 13 percent of violent crimes.[1]
  • Of female murder victims in 2010, 38 percent were killed by a husband or boyfriend.[2]
  • In 2009, 14 percent of state and 16 percent of local firearms application rejections were due to a domestic violence misdemeanor conviction or restraining order.[3]
  • In 2009, 25 percent of all adult victims compensated by victim compensation programs were domestic violence victims. These claims represented 40 percent of all assault claims.[4]
  • Chart: Intimate partner violent victimization by sexThe rate of intimate partner violence for females decreased from 4.2 victimizations per 1,000 in 2009 to 3.1 per 1,000 in 2010. There was no substantial difference in the rates of intimate partner violence for males during the same time period, which were 1.0 per 1,000 in 2009 and 0.8 per 1,000 in 2010.[5]
  • In 2008, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or queer people (LGBTQ) reported 3,419 incidents of domestic violence to local anti-violence programs. Nine of these incidents resulted in murder.[6]
  • In 2008, 51 percent of LGBTQ domestic violence victims were women, 42 percent men, and 5 percent transgender.[7]
  • In cases where the age of the victim was recorded, 64 percent of LGBTQ domestic violence victims were over the age of 30, while 36 percent were under 30.[8]
  • At some point during their lifetime, 36 percent of women—or approximately 42.4 million—were victims of rape, physical violence, and/or stalking by an intimate partner.[9]
  • In one year, 4 percent of women were slapped, pushed, or shoved by an intimate partner; 30 percent were slapped, pushed, or shoved by an intimate partner at some point during their lifetime.[10]
  • Chart: Female victims' lifetime experience of intimate partner violenceDuring a one-year period, 14 percent of women and 18 percent of men reported having experienced psychological aggression by an intimate partner at some point in the last year.[11]
  • Rape, physical violence, and/or stalking by an intimate partner have resulted in injury to 15 percent of women and 4 percent of men during their lifetimes.[12]
  • Violence in a relationship with an intimate partner caused 6 of 10 female and 1 of 6 male victims to be concerned for their safety.[13]
  • Of female victims, 64 percent experienced violence by an intimate partner during their lifetimes. Of these women, 57 percent experienced physical violence alone, and 36 percent experienced physical violence in combination with another type of violence.[14]

References

  1. Jennifer L. Truman, Criminal Victimization, 2010, (Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, 2011), Table 5, accessed September 10, 2012, http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/cv10.pdf.
  2. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Crime in the United States, 2010, (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, 2011), calculated from data in Expanded Homicide Data Tables 2 and 10, accessed September 10, 2012, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/tables/10shrtbl10.xls, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.-2010/tables/10shrtbl02.xls.
  3. Bowling et al., Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2009—Statistical Tables, (Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, 2010), Table 4, accessed October 5, 2012, http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/html/bcft/2009/bcft09st.pdf.
  4. National Association of Crime Victim Compensation Boards, “Facts about Crime Victim Compensation,” (Alexandria, VA: 2011), accessed October 5, 2012, http://www.nacvcb.org/NACVCB/files/ccLibraryFiles/Filename/000000000097/Facts%20about%20crime%20victim%20compensation2011.doc.
  5. Truman, Criminal Victimization, 2010, Table 6.
  6. National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Domestic Violence in the United States in 2008, (New York, 2009), 2, accessed September 10, 2012, http://www.avp.org/documents/2008NCAVPLGBTQDVReportFINAL.pdf.
  7. Ibid., 20.
  8. Ibid., 23.
  9. Michelle Black et al., The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey: 2010 Summary Report, (Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011), 39, accessed September 27, 2012, http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/NISVS_Report2010-a.pdf.
  10. Ibid., 44.
  11. Ibid., 46.
  12. Ibid., 55.
  13. Ibid., 56.
  14. Ibid., 41.