Alabama is one of thirty-two states that have amended their constitutions to include rights for crime victims.
Alabama passed a constitutional amendment in both houses during the summer of 1994. The amendment was ratified in November with 80.4% of the voters in favor of the amendment.
That amendment reads as follows:
(a) Crime victims, as defined by law or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when authorized, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the person accused of committing the crime.
(b) Nothing in this amendment or in any enabling statute adopted pursuant to this amendment shall be construed as creating a cause of action against the state or any of its agencies, officials, employees, or political subdivisions. The legislature may from time to time enact enabling legislation to carry out and implement this amendment.